David Linthicum in his blog post argues that PaaS adoption is not where it was initially predicted to be, and now it may be too late for PaaS. I respectfully disagree. Here is why:

  • I have previously written about the benefits PaaS – Features like OS patching, auto healing from hardware and software failures and ability to leverage PaaS building blocks (database as  service, cache as service, identity as a service) continue to be relevant.

Customers are finding that a pure IaaS based lift-n-shift to the cloud is a step in the             right direction, but in the end, many of the core problems experienced on-premises,             remain unresolved. Which is why customers are looking to undertake  “just                               enough” refactoring during a lift-n-shift by moving from a pure compute / VMs  to               a Cloud Services approach.

  • David alludes to strong tools IaaS from AWS and Azure grabbing all the attention. In fact, IaaS tools are moving towards PaaS. One of the most important IaaS tool on Azure is VM Scale Sets – Provide it single VM image as input and you can get a auto-scaled cluster.
  • David talks about developers being confined in a PaaS sandbox. He cites Heroku and Oracle cloud as examples. Once again PaaS platforms have quickly evolved to offer a wide array of choices. Consider one of the popular PaaS service on Azure – Azure App Service – it offers first class support for ASP.NET, Node, Java, PHP, Python (even PowerShell). You can even bring your own Docker image to App Service.
  • David talks about IaaS as a better fit for DevOps (versus PaaS). Once again, PaaS platform like App Service already have built-in DevOps toolchain hooks for CI/ CD, deployment slots, monitoring, testing in production. App Service can be deployed to a customer’s cluster allowing customers to marry PaaS with hybrid / on-premises. Furthermore, PaaS service like Azure Service Fabric can be deployed in Azure, on-premises or even in AWS.
  • PaaS is going to be even more important as cloud usage bill continues to rise. Organizations are realizing that they are typically using a very small percentage of the CPU capacity that they are paying for. This is where high density deployment offered by PaaS comes in.


So while it has taken longer than expected, the popularity of PaaS is rising and not waning, IMHO.


Sorry I have been delinquent in posting meetings summaries from our Azure Gov Meetup  Here is quick description of our last three meetings.

But first, we have new venue! We are now meeting  1776 DC  – a global business incubator or startups – a great setting for our meetup.  If you not been to 1776, it is definitely something worth checking out.

Our 7th meeting was about #opensource in the government.  The main presenters  were Evong Nham Chung and Adam Clater from Red Hat. Adam and Evong talked about Microsoft and Red Hat partnership, as well as, the availability of Red Hat OpenShift in the Azure marketplace. The main presentation was followed by Brian Harrison, Cloud Solution Architect, Microsoft. Brian presented an overview of Microsoft’s open source initiatives.  

Our 8th meeting was kicked off by  Andrew Weiss, Federal Solutions Engineer, Docker; and WillKinard, CTO, Boxboat with a discussion on modernizing applications with Docker and  Azure. Next, Michael S. Hansen, Principal Investigator, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH, presented  a very interesting use case with the "Gadetron" which is using containers for image processing workloads in the cloud. Finally, John Morello, CTO, Twistlock, a Docker partner and open source contributor presented their solution around container security.

Our 9th meeting was focused on #IOT.  Jeff King, Senior Solutions Architect, Microsoft and Brandon Rohrer, Cloud Solution Architect, Microsoft presented a very interesting case study on how  sensor (IoT) devices are providing new crime-fighting tools and real-time situational awareness for law enforcement. They  also talked about in-car and body-worn camera systems, drones and aerial surveillance vehicles that re using the cloud to provide officers with a real-time, connected view of other first responders around them, and real-time situational awareness for officers. Following the main presentation,  Yared Tsegaye, Senior Software Engineer, AIS talked about a  solution developed for a large machine-tooling company aiming to re-platform their existing machine optimization software solution to be lower-cost, yet more scalable and flexible. Technologies that made  up the solution included Azure IOT Hub, Language R, Azure ML and Power BI. Next, Stephen Bates, Director, Advanced Analytics, OSIsoft provided a summary of  federal use cases, ramp to Azure, and overview on OSIsoft as a Microsoft partner. Finally, Ryan Socal, Senior Program Manager, Azure Government, Microsoft provided a preview of the one-stop documentation resource on Azure Government.

As can see from the above meeting descriptions – a host of very interesting topics and conversations. Please register here to get updates about upcoming meetings – https://www.meetup.com/DCAzureGov/. Hope to see you at the next meeting!

The sixth #AzureGov meetup took place on July 25th at Microsoft’s K Street office.

Like the previous meetups, this meetup also began with a  networking session.

After the  networking session Andrew Stroup, Director of Product and Technology, White House Presidential Innovation Fellows, provided insights and discussion on how the federal government is tackling the procurement of cloud technologies by building a double-sided marketplace, Apps.gov.

Apps.gov is focused on creating easier pathways for tech companies to enter the federal government market and federal employees a singular place to discover, explore and procure these products. Andrew took several questions about how products are registered with Apps.gov, the market size and how cloud solutions like AzureGov  are available on Apps.gov.

Following Andrew’s session,  Martin Heinrich, Director of Enterprise Content and Records Management, CGI, discussed CGI’s recently-launched Records Management as a Service (RMaaS) which combines the Microsoft Azure Government Cloud and OpenText’s Content Suite with CGI’s extensive consulting expertise and implementation services.

Hope you can join us for the next meeting on August 31st that will feature Open Source  in government. For more information, please visit



The fourth #AzureGov meetup took place on May 24th at Microsoft’s K Street office.  

After a short networking session, Jack Bienko, Deputy for Entrepreneurship Education, US Small Business Administration talked about the upcoming National Day of Civic Hacking on June 4th. You can find more information about the event on Jack’s recent blog post

Next. Bill Meskill, Director of Enterprise Information Services, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, kicked off a case study presentation of a Intelligent News Aggregator and Recommendation solution that his group has developed on Azure. He started out by describing the motivations for building this solution, a summary of business objectives and why it made sense to develop it on the cloud. 


Next Brent Wodikca and Jim Strang  from AIS presented an overview of the architecture, followed by, a brief demo.  At a high-level, the system relies on a Azure WebJobs to pull news feeds from a number of sources. The downloaded news stories are then used to train an Azure Machine Learning model -  LDA implementation of the Topic Model. The trained model is then made available as a web service to serve recommendations based on users’ preference.  There is an also an API Management facade that allows their on-premises systems ( SharePoint) to talk to the Azure hosted solution. Azure API Management allows security policies such as enforcing a JWT policy and restricting the incoming IP addresses is used to secure the connectivity between on-premises and Azure ML based solution.



Finally Andrew Weiss, Azure Solution Architect, Microsoft briefly talked about  leveraging Azure Services to help solve hackathon challenges.



This guest post is from Brent Wodicka at Applied Information Sciences.

The third #AzureGov meetup was held at the Microsoft Technology Center in Reston on April 27th. This meetup was again well attended and featured three great presentations relating to next-gen cloud applications for government and micro-services.

Mehul Shah got the session started with an overview of the Cortana Intelligence Suite, including the latest announcements coming out of BUILD 2016. The talk started with a lap around the platform, and then focused in on some key areas where features are rolling out quickly – including the Cognitive Services APIs. The session included some good discussion from the group related to potential use cases, and the ability to adapt the services to any number of business verticals. More about the Cortana Intelligence Suite here, and Build 2016 here.

The second session focused on building microservices on Azure. Chandra Sekar lead the discussion that began with a general discussion about the options you have for building microservices on the platform, including container technologies and the Azure Service Fabric. Chandra then went into detail and showed a great demo of a sample microservice built on the Azure Service Fabric. The demo explained how stateful micrososervices can be built using the Service Fabric, and demonstrated the resiliency of this model by walking through a simulated “failure” of the primary service node and recovery of the service – which occurred very quickly and maintained its running state. Cool stuff!

The final speaker was Keith McClellan, a Federal Programs Technical lead with Mesosphere. Keith began by talking about what Mesosphere has been up to, its maturity in the market, and the recent announcement of the DC/OS project. DC/OS is an exciting open source technology (spearheaded by Mesosphere) which offers an enterprise grade data-center scale operating system – meant to be a single location for running workloads of almost any kind. Keith walked through provisioning containers and other interesting services (including a SPARK data cluster for big data analysis) on the platform – and actually provisioned the entire stack on Azure infrastructure. I was impressed with the number of services already available to run on the platform today. More about DC/OS here.

If you haven’t already, join the DC Azure Government meetup group here, and join us for the next meeting. You can also opt to be notified about upcoming events or when group members post content.


The second #AzureGov meetup was held in Reston on March 15th. It was well attended ( see picture below of Todd presenting to the audience. Standing next to Todd is Karina Homme – Principal Program Manager for AzureGov  and co-organizer of the meetup )

This meetup was kicked off by Todd Neison from NOAA. Todd gave an excellent presentation on his group’s journey into #Azure. Starting with the decision to  move to the cloud, challenges in getting the necessary approvals and focusing on  #PaaS. Todd’s perspective on adopting the cloud as a federal government employee can be very valuable to anyone looking to move  to the cloud. 




The next segment was presented by Matt Rathbun. Matt reviewed the recent news on #AzureGov compliance including  i) Microsoft cloud for the government has been invited to participate in a pilot for High Impact Baseline and expects to get  a provisional ATO by the end of the month ii) Microsoft has also finalized the requirements to meet DISA Impact Level 4 iii) Microsoft is establishing two new physically isolated Azure Government regions for DoD and DISA Impact Level 5.





You can read more about the announcements here.  What stood out for me was the idea of fast track compliance that is designed to speed up the compliance from the current annual certification cadence.

The final segment was presented by the Redhat team and Andrew Weiss from Microsoft.  They demonstrated the #OpenShift PaaS offering running on Azure. OpenShift is a container based application development platform that can be deployed to Azure or on-premises. As part of the presentation, they took an ASP.NET core 1.0 based  web application and hosted it on the OpenShift platform.  Next they scaled up the web application using Openshift and underlying Kubernestis container cluster manager.

Hope you can join us for the next meeting. Please register with the meetup here to be notified of the upcoming meetings.   


Thanks for those who joined us for inaugural #AzureGov meetup on Feb 22nd. For those who could not join here is a quick update.

We talked about the services that are available in AzureGov today ( see picture below).



Note that Azure Resource Manager (ARM) is now available in AzureGov.  Why am I singling out ARM from the list above? Mainly because most of the services that are available today such as Azure Cloud Services, Azure Virtual Machines, Azure Storage are based on the classic model (also known as the Service Management Model)  ARM is the “new way” to deploy and manage the services that make up your application in Azure.  The differences between the ARM and the classic model are described here. Further note that the availability of ARM is only the first step. What we also need are the Resource Managers (RM)for various services like Compute and Storage V2 ( ARM in turn calls the necessary RM to provision a service).

Since I could not find sample code to call ARM in AzureGov, here is a code snippet that you may find handy.


using System    ;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.IdentityModel.Clients.ActiveDirectory;
using System.Threading;
using Microsoft.Azure.Management.Resources.Models;
using Microsoft.Azure.Management.Resources;
using Microsoft.Rest;
using Microsoft.Rest.Azure;

namespace AzureGovDemo
    class Program
        # Set well-known client ID for Azure PowerShell

        private static string ClientId = "1950a258-227b-4e31-a9cf-717495945fc2";
        private static string TenantId = "XXX.onmicrosoft.com";
        private static string LoginEndpoint = "https://login.microsoftonline.com/";
        private static string ServiceManagementApiEndpoint = "https://management.core.usgovcloudapi.net/";
        private static string RedirectUri = "urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob";
        private static string SubscriptionId = "XXXXXXXX;
        private static string AzureResourceManagerEndpoint = "https://management.usgovcloudapi.net";
        static void Main(string[] args)
            var token = GetAuthorizationHeader();
            var credentials = new Microsoft.Rest.TokenCredentials(token);
            var resourceManagerClient = new Microsoft.Azure.Management.Resources.ResourceManagementClient(new Uri(AzureResourceManagerEndpoint), credentials)
                SubscriptionId = SubscriptionId,
            Console.WriteLine("Listing resource groups. Please wait….");
            var resourceGroups = resourceManagerClient.ResourceGroups.List();
            foreach (var resourceGroup in resourceGroups)
                Console.WriteLine("Resource Group Name: " + resourceGroup.Name);
                Console.WriteLine("Resource Group Id: " + resourceGroup.Id);
                Console.WriteLine("Resource Group Location: " + resourceGroup.Location);
            Console.WriteLine("Press any key to terminate the application");

        private static string GetAuthorizationHeader()
            AuthenticationResult result = null;

            var context = new AuthenticationContext(LoginEndpoint + TenantId);

            var thread = new Thread(() =>
                result = context.AcquireToken(
                  new Uri(RedirectUri));

            thread.Name = "AquireTokenThread";

            if (result == null)
                throw new InvalidOperationException("Failed to obtain the JWT token");

            string token = result.AccessToken;
            return token;

Hope this helps and I do hope you will register for the #AzureGov meetup  here – http://www.meetup.com/DCAzureGov/

Thanks to my friend Gaurav Mantri, fellow Azure MVP and developer of Cloud Portam – www.CloudPortam.com – an excellent tool for managing Azure Services. Gaurav figured out that we need to set the well known client id for powershell.